Legendary Peru
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   General Information


GEOGRAPHY

Politically Peru is divided in 24 departments, which incluyes 194 provinces, and a constitucional province, Callao.

Due to its geographic location ( in the tropical southern hemisphere), Peru should have a warm, humid and rainy weather. Instead, the Andean Mountains, the anticlonic circulation of the south Pacific and the cold Humboldt Current generates a great variety of climates(is the 3rd country in the world with a high climate diversity).

Peru has three main geographic regions: Coast (12%), Mountain (28%) and Jungle(60%), which are divided in several climatic regions due to the different microclimates and ecosystems.

AREA

1, 285, 215.16 square kilometers and 200 nautical miles.

POPULATION

29, 797, 694 inhabitants.

LANGUAGES

  • Spanish 80%
  • Quechua 16%
  • Other languages (aymara and junglas dialects) 3%

RELIGION

Roman Catholic (80%). There is freedom of cults.

GOVERNMENT

Democratic Republic
Current President: Pedro Pablo Kuczynski (2016 – 2021).

CAPITAL

Lima, The City of the Kings.

CURRENCY

Sol (S/.).
The currency is issued in 10, 20, 50,100 and 200 soles; 1,2 and 5 coins, as well as 5,10,20 and 50 cents.





REGIONS

COAST
Formed by deserts, beaches & valleys. (14ºC to 27ºC)

  • Nothern coast: Tropical & sunny all year long
  • Central & Southern coast: Aridregion, temperate, 96% humidity, no rain and presence of fog.

HIGHLANDS
Controlled by the Andes mountain range, it has dry weather.(-3ºC to 27ºC)
Rainy season: From November to March

JUNGLE
Tropical vegetation forming great natural reserves.(17ºC to 36ºC)
Rainy season: From November to March